At present, offshore wind power has been rapidly developed in the world. Under such circumstances, the large-scale development of offshore wind farms will have what impacts on the oceans, especially living creatures. This is the problem that we have to face and must make clear through extensive and in-depth research.
A recent study shows that offshore wind farms can have a long-term positive impact on the survival of marine life. The offshore wind turbine foundation installed in the North Sea of Europe could provide new habitats for a key species that builds marine ecosystems, thereby increasing biodiversity. With mussel residues, filtration and purification of water, nutrients, etc., mussels can transform the surrounding environment. In addition to the purple mussels, the foundation of the offshore wind turbine has also become a habitat for some alien species, which in turn has increased the biological diversity. Ultimately it will significantly increase the diversity of marine life and landscape heterogeneity.